The Forum for Partners in Iran's Marketplace

January 2019, No. 90

Mazandaran Special Report | News in Brief

Mazandaran Mulls $3 Billion Target for Non-Oil Exports  

Mohammad Eslami, the Governor General of Mazandaran said that soon the responsibilities of each public and private sector economic agency to realize the said target will be determined and those underemployed from the public and private sectors will be terminated.

He added: Mazandaran, with an annual production of 6 million tons of agricultural products and a high potential for increasing production, can realize this scheme by the end of the Sixth Development Plan (2016-2021).

Eslami said the target is in line with reducing the finished cost of non-oil commodities, diversification of export destinations, development of packaging and commodity standardization, and benefiting from export incentives.

The government’s high representative in Mazandaran believed that the development of exports requires an analysis of the political and economic issues of the target countries and appropriate planning with the conditions of the day in these countries. He said that the foreign trade groups should benefit from smart exports desks.

He said the smart desk should be composed of elite and young forces that would have the ability to analyze the economic and political issues of the day and would be familiar with modern technology.

According to Eslami, in the present situation, the export of goods from his province is done in the traditional way without targeted planning and analyzing the political and economic issues of target countries.

He believed that the traditional way of exporting goods in this province has prevented the value of exported goods to grow in the last few years.

Also addressing the event, the chairman of the Mazandaran Chamber of Commerce said that the high prices of goods and high bank loan interests, the lack of incentives for exports, and the weak transportation infrastructure were the main obstacles to the progress of the province’s exports.

Among other obstacles in the way of exports in the country, Abdullah Mohajer cited the following: instant decision making, cumbersome rules and regulations, repeated change of rules and regulations, and intervention of political and regional groups in trade and economic relations. He said with the gradual elimination of these problems the realization of $3 billion exports for Mazandaran is possible.

In the past year, more than $650 million in non-oil goods and in the first nine months of the current calendar year (March-September) $385 million worth of goods were exported from the province’s customs.       

Mazandaran’s Amirabad Port Investments
Top $230 Million Since 2013

About 10 trillion rials ($237 million) worth of investments have been made in the development projects of Amirabad Port in the northern Mazandaran Province since President Hassan Rouhani first took office in August 2013, the former head of Amirabad Port and Special Economic Zone said. 

“The port has the capacity for loading and unloading 7.5 million tons of cargo. The figure stood at 4 million tons before Rouhani became president,” Ali Khedmatgozar was also quoted by IRNA as saying. 

Amirabad is currently the largest port facility on the Caspian shore and the third largest port in Iran. The 1,000-hectare port currently has nine berths, which can accommodate Ro-Ro vessels, trains and trucks.

In a visit to Amirabad in April, Rouhani inaugurated the second development phase of the port, consisting of six new berths with the capacity of four million tons, as well as new facilities such as warehouses and grain silos. 

Trade with Caspian Sea States 

President Rouhani said the development of Amirabad Port will contribute to “effective trade relations” with the Caspian Sea littoral states and Commonwealth of Independent States, referring to the port’s link to Iran’s rail network as a big development for Iran’s economy.

Plans are underway to expand grain handling facilities to boost its capacity from 7.5 million tons to 18 million tons by 2030. To achieve this, the grain silo capacity will be expanded from 170,000 tons to 500,000 tons.          

Tourism Facilities, Projects Launched in Northern Iran 

Several tourism facilities have been launched in the coastal province of Mazandaran in northern Iran.

Ali Asghar Mounesan, the head of Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization, attended the inaugural and ground-breaking ceremonies and also held a meeting with entrepreneurs, CHTN reported. 

Two hotels in Ramsar County came on stream. A three-star one with 36 rooms was built at a cost of 200 billion rials ($4.2 million) and created jobs for 16 people. 

The other one was a two-star hotel with 25 rooms and employed 20 people. Its construction cost 250 billion rials ($5.3 million). 

Mounesan later visited Tonekabon County to inaugurate an apartment hotel whose owner claims will offer five-star services. 

“This is the first villa hotel in the country with each villa boasting a private garden, terrace and swimming pool,” Tahmoures Mazaheri, the hotel’s investor, said.         

Iran Eyes Marine Tourism Hub in Northern Ports 

Ports along the Caspian Sea coast in northern Iran will soon be turned into major marine tourism hubs, said deputy head of Ports and Maritime Organization.

Hadi Haqshenas further told ISNA that a tourism route stretching from the port of Anzali in Gilan Province to the Caspian Sea coastline in Mazandaran Province will be created in the near future.

He added that the Caspian Sea littoral states view the project positively and the ports can attract beachgoers and tourists interested in marine tourism.       

55 Zones Identified for Mazandaran Solar Plants 

In line with efforts to use the country’s maximum potential in harnessing renewables, 55 zones have been identified in Mazandaran Province for developing solar power plants, a senior official said.

“Plans are high on the agenda to implement four solar plants in the province by the end of the current [fiscal] year [ending March 2019],” Qasem Shahabi, Managing Director of Power Distribution Company of Mazandaran Province, was also quoted as saying by the media.

Referring to the vast potentials of the province for harnessing green energy, he said there are currently three active solar farms in Mazandaran, which number needs to increase since the renovation of the region’s traditional power grid is costly.

“Over 25% of the provincial power grid are dilapidated, the reconditioning of which is estimated to cost about 2.5 trillion rials ($59.5 million),” he said. Shahabi put the number of the region’s subscribers at 1.35 million, adding that Mazandaran’s average power consumption in summer is 2.5 times more than that of other provinces.     

$30 Million for Mazandaran Gas Expansion Scheme 

Over 4.56 trillion rials ($30 million) have been allocated to projects for supplying natural gas to 500 villages in Mazandaran Province by the end of the current fiscal year (March 2019), a deputy oil minister said.

“Gas expansion projects are underway, upon the completion of which, the share of rural gas consumers in Mazandaran will rise from 92.5% to 95%,” Mahmoud Astaneh was also quoted as saying by Shana.

The project will cover at least 10,000 rural households.

According to the official, over 70,000 households in the green province have been supplied with the fuel.

He added that projects to connect 10 towns close to 2,000 villages across the country to the national gas grid have been completed in the first half of the year ending Sept. 22.   

Fresh Impetus for Mazandaran Power Station 

In line with efforts to fast-track power plant construction projects, a 460-megawatt power station in Mazandaran Province, Noshahr County, will become operational soon, Managing Director of Mahtaab Caspian Electricity Generation Company, the project financier, said.

“The long-awaited venture, which is aimed at meeting electricity demand, especially in west of Mazandaran Province, and compensating the regional network voltage drop, has registered a work-in-progress rate of 80% and its gas unit will come on stream in early May,” Yaser Golzari was also quoted as saying by IRNA.

According to the official, the combined-cycle plant includes both gas and steam turbines with an efficiency of 33% and 59% respectively.                       

Mazandaran Province Attracts 105k Tourists in Fiscal H1 

At least 105,000 foreign tourists visited Mazandaran Province during the first six months of the current Iranian year that ended on Sept. 22.

“The majority of foreign tourists stayed in the western part of the province, especially in Chalus, Kelardasht, Noshahr, Babolsar and Ramsar counties,” Mehran Hassani, deputy head of Mazandaran Tourism Organization, told IRNA.

According to the official, most of the foreign tourists who visited Mazandaran came from Persian Gulf countries, in addition to Iraqi tourists. He said the province has the capacity to accept many more tourists.

After Isfahan, Shiraz and Kerman provinces, which boast the most attractions, Mazandaran is counted among the richest of Iran’s 31 provinces in this regard. 

There are 700 registered historical sites in the province and its tourism infrastructures include 202 hotels, hotel apartments and tourism complexes, 90 ecotourism lodges and 802 homestays.  

Mazandaran H1 Exports Rise 10% 

Close to 415 tons of non-oil goods worth more than $215 million were exported from the northern Mazandaran Province during the first half of the current Iranian year (March 21-Sept. 22), registering a 10% rise compared with the similar period of last year. 

“Dairy products were our main exported commodity accounting for around 17% and more than 50% of the weight and value respectively of the province’s exports during the period,” Amir Miran Amoli, the deputy head of the provincial  Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture, was also quoted as saying by IRNA.

Iraq, Russia, Turkey, Afghanistan, Italy, Bahrain, Pakistan, Ukraine and Central Asian countries were Mazandaran’s main export destinations during the period.

The province exported close to $700 million worth of goods last year (March 2017-18).             

Noshahr Exports 37,000 Flowers, Ornamental Plants to Central Asia 

Director of Agriculture Jihad of Noshahr (in the Caspian) announced that 37,502 flowers and ornamental plants during the first half of the current calendar year (March-September 2018) were exported from the city to Central Asia.

Hassan Pour-Moqaddam stated that the approximate value of the export was 11 billion rials.

He said considering the presence of suitable platforms for flower exports to Central Asia, the producers will hopefully increase production levels in the region.

Planting, harvesting and exporting ornamental plants and flowers in Noshahr start from the beginning of spring and continue until early December.

Mazandaran Province, especially west of the province with its two airports and port of Noshahr, has potential for easy access to Central Asian countries for the export of agricultural products.

The province has the second place in production of ornamental trees and orchards, and about 90% of the production of greenhouses and ornamental flowers are produced in its western part.

According to official sources, annually, about 235 million flowers and ornamental plants and 38 million shrubs worth approximately 2,000 billion rials are produced in Mazandaran in different forms.

Currently, Iran is the world’s 17th producer of flowers and plants, but ranks 107th in export markets.     

Mazandaran to Establish House of Commerce in Volgograd 

An agreement has been reached between head of Mazandaran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture and head of Volgograd Chamber of Commerce and Industry to set up a house of commerce in the Russian region. The agreement was reached during a meeting held upon the arrival of the Russian delegation in Sari. The agreement is scheduled to be signed in August during the Volgograd governor’s trip to Mazandaran.

Abdollah Mohajer, the head of Mazandaran CCIMA, said boosting Mazandaran’s trade with Russia in line with tightening ties between Tehran and Moscow is on the government’s agenda. The first Iranian House of Commerce opened in Astrakhan Oblast in southern Russia in November 2017. The new institution is home to 14 CCIMAs from 14 Iranian provinces.            

Noshahr Waste-to-Energy Plant near Completion 

A waste-to-energy plant is expected to come on stream in the city of Noshahr, Mazandaran Province, in three months.

“Mazandaran Province produces about 3,000 tons of trash per day, which doubles when the influx of tourists to the province reaches its peak,” Mazandaran’s Governor General Mohammad Eslami told ISNA.  

The province hosts thousands of tourists from across the country, especially during the summer and the Iranian New Year holidays, known as Norouz.

Eslami noted that waste processing plans are underway in many provincial cities, including Sari and Tonekabon. 

According to the official, Sari’s waste-to-energy plant will become operational by the end of the current year (March 20, 2019).

Waste-to-energy generation is being increasingly considered a potential energy diversification strategy.          

Tehran-North Railroad Feasibility Project Gets Going 

Tehran-North Railroad feasibility project has gotten underway and is estimated to take at least two years, Mazandaran governor general said.

“If the project is approved by the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development, the construction of the railroad will commence in the fiscal 2020-21. The first section of the Tehran-North Railroad will connect Alborz and Gilan provinces to Mazandaran. The second phase will connect Bandar Anzali city in Gilan to west Mazandaran and from there to Iran’s northeastern Golestan Province,” Eslami was quoted as saying by IRNA.

The official added that the Roads Ministry is looking for local and foreign investors to take on the project.

“Once the national project is completed, around 200,000 passengers are estimated to travel via this route every day,” he said.

Mazandaran hosts more than 20 million tourists and passengers annually. Rail and air transportation account for only 2 million of the total number of trips to this province.          

$2b in Chinese Finance for Oil Refinery Construction 

A Chinese investment firm is set to spend $2 billion on the construction of an oil refinery in Mazandaran Province, deputy head of the province’s Investment Center said.

“The Chinese company has applied for the permits and all the administrative procedures have been carried out,” Mousa Qasem-Pisheh was also quoted as saying by IRNA. He did not specify the name of the Chinese firm.

“When the project goes on stream, the foreign investment volume in the province will observe a sharp hike,” he added.

Iran plans to raise its refining capacity to 3.2 million barrels daily by attracting investments worth $14 billion in the next few years, most of which will be provided by foreign financiers. Projects include establishing new facilities and renovating dilapidated refineries.     

Italian Firms Keep Doing Business in Iran 

Italian investment companies remain active in Iran, despite the unilateral US sanctions, says the head of Trade Promotion Section of the Italian Embassy in Iran.

“We have received a great number of requests from Italian companies to invest in Iran and the embassy tries to facilitate them,” said Augusto Di Giacinto in a meeting with the chairman of the chamber of commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture and businessmen of Mazandaran Province.

The Italian official noted that small family-owned businesses constitute over 90% of Italian production and industrial companies that can keep working in Iran during sanctions.

“We have proven our goodwill and will continue to support Iran even in difficult economic conditions,” he added.

He hoped that banking transactions for Italian businessmen would be facilitated, reiterating that both countries should lever up trade ties with capacities.

Di Giacinto was accompanied by a group of Italian businessmen during his one-day visit to Mazandaran.

Currently, Iran-Italy annual trade stands at around $5 billion.   

Mazandaran: Iran’s Biggest Fish Farming Hub 

With an annual turnover of more than 6 trillion rials ($60 million), Mazandaran in northern Iran is the country’s most active province in fish farming and accounts for 18% of Iran’s production, director general of Mazandaran Fisheries Organization said.

“There are 3,400 fish farms in the province, which produced 75,000 tons of fish and caviar in the last Iranian year (March 2017-18). We expect the figure to rise to 80,000 tons this year (March 2018-19),” Valiollah Mohammadzadeh was also quoted as saying by IRNA.

The official added that $9 million worth of fish and caviar were exported from the province during the first five months of the current Iranian year (started March 21). 

Iraq, Russia, Afghanistan and Europe were the main export destinations.

He reiterated that fish farming has created more than 6,500 direct and indirect jobs in Mazandaran.

Amirabad Port’s Ro-Ro Facility 

Construction of a roll on/roll off (ro-ro) facility in Amirabad Port in Mazandaran Province, which will enable freight trains to dock near commercial ships for the loading and unloading of goods, has had 98% progress and will come on stream soon, director of Amirabad Special Economic Zone said.

Siyavash Rezvani added that the port is already connected to the railroad network.

“At present, around 4.5 million tons of commodities are loaded and unloaded annually at the port while its nominal annual throughput capacity stands at 7.5 million tons,” he was quoted as saying by IRNA.

Rezvani said about 19.2 trillion rials ($457.14 million) have been invested in the port so far by the public and private sectors.                         

Amirabad: Biggest Export Terminal in Northern Iran 

More than 114,670 tons of commodities have been exported from Amirabad Port since the beginning of the current Iranian year (March 21), manager of the Ports and Maritime Organization and the Special Economic Zone of Amirabad said.

Rezvani also said that with around 61% share, Amirabad was the biggest exporter from among the country’s northern ports.

“The exported goods mainly included construction material, agricultural and livestock products, household appliances, oil products, chemical pesticides, fertilizers and machinery, which headed to the littoral states of Caspian Sea,” he was quoted as saying.

Nearly 624,400 tons of commodities have been imported into Amirabad Port over the same period under review, showing an 86% hike year-on-year.

Rezvani noted that close to 783,800 tons of goods have been loaded and unloaded in the port during the period, registering a 67% upsurge compared with the corresponding period of last year.  

Amirabad Port: The Gate to North-South Corridor  

After inspecting the various sections of Amirabad Special Economic Zone, governor general of Mazandaran Province described the port as a national and unparalleled capital in the province. He said Amirabad port plays a significant role in the prosperity of the region’s production and employment.

Eslami called the port the gateway of north and south corridor and said: “Development of the infrastructure of Amirabad port should be considered seriously in order to provide a comprehensive boom for the sea route of Mazandaran.”

He emphasized that the special economic zone with good offshore and rail connectivity has a high capacity for economic exchanges.

Eslami considers seafaring a tourist destination and noted that sea-oriented economy should be strengthened and Amirabad port is ready to attract investment.

He said the 59 percent rise in loading and unloading capacity of the port this year was promising, adding that given the potential of the current team there is room for more improvement.       

Operation of Central Alborz Coal Company 

The construction and equipment of the new Alborz coal dressing plant in Mazandaran’s Zirab region cost 450 billion rials and the required equipment of this industrial unit were supplied from UK, Italy, Australia, South Africa and China.

Central Alborz Coal Company with an annual capacity of 500,000 tons of charcoal operates in two shifts and its construction started in 2013/14 by observing environmental standards and avoiding any pollution.           

Projects Go on Stream in Presence of the President 

Dr. Hassan Rouhani has inaugurated a total of 34 projects with a credit of 18,650 billion rials in the Caspian Sea province of Mazandaran. He also attended ceremonies to launch nine more projects with a credit of more than 15,220 billion rials in the province. Implementation of these projects will create jobs for more than 7,700 people in various industrial and manufacturing sectors.           

Three Fold Increase in Export Capacity from Northern Ports! 

Hadi Haqshenas, Deputy Chief of Ports and Maritime Organization, commenting on the importance of using the Caspian Sea capacity for export development, said: “One of the drawbacks in executive agencies in using the capacities of the Caspian Sea is that they pay little attention to the export potentials of the neighboring countries and always seek exports to countries like Latin America and Europe.”

“Our country has maritime and land borders with 15 neighbors and we can increase our exports to these countries by activating our ports, particularly from our northern ports,” he added.

The PMO official pointed out the importance of activating the North-South Corridor in the development of exports, saying that Caspian countries are exporting countries that can create an export line with our country in the fields of agricultural products, mines, cement and some of Iran’s products. On the other hand, Iran can be the best route for the Persian Gulf countries to access these countries, so it can do a part of the transit of goods from the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf Coast.

He emphasized that transit routes could be used for domestic goods, adding that the commercial view of the Caspian states should be changed, and the export focus should be from far-away countries such as Europe and East Asia to the neighboring countries of the Caspian Sea.

He said: “I believe that Iran would cover 30 percent of the total imports of the Caspian littoral states.”

He noted that when Turkey and Russia faced challenges, Iran could replace Turkey’s fruit exports to Russia and earn significant revenues.

Iran’s northern ports have the capacity of loading and unloading of some 30 million tons of goods, he announced, adding, “We only use about six million tons of this capacity, 20% of which is export and 80% is import. The Capacity can be tripled.” 

Fereydounkenar Chicken Coop Inaugurated 

The complex produces 4,200,000 fertilized eggs in a time span of 180-days which are used to produce broiler chickens.

The implementation of the project began in 2012/13 in an area of ​​three hectares with a credit of 80 billion rials.  

Inauguration of Amirabad Berth, Paper Factory 

With the operation of six docks in Amirabad Port in Mazandaran, the capacity of loading and unloading of this port has increased from 4 million tons to 7.5 million tons.

Also, with the participation of the President, the country’s largest paper-making plant was opened in Amirabad, cutting the country’s demand for this type of paper by 10 percent.

The paper plant of the country generates about 155 to 160 thousand tons of writing and printing paper. The construction of the plant has cost 1,550 billion rials.

Roads, Urban Projects worth 15 Trillion Rials Commissioned 

Out of the projects going on stream 9,850 billion rials go to Amirabad Port where the most important projects inaugurated are six berths, loading and unloading facilities, a paper mill and storehouse for wheat and vegetable oil.

The commissioning of 75-km highway and three tunnels with a credit of 2,000 billion rials in Qaemshahr-Firoozkooh axis were the most important road construction projects. These projects helped complete the construction of four-lane road which can contribute greatly to reducing traffic accidents and traffic flow in this area.

Construction of four tunnels and grade separation at Chalous axis were among other important road construction projects. With these projects going on stream, a big blind knot was removed from the Shomal (North) Freeway.

Also, the first phase of development of Ramsar Airport in western Mazandaran was launched with the credit of about 1,100 billion rials. Development of the airport will prepare the ground for attracting domestic and foreign tourists.

The operation of Sari ring road and Behshahr-Zaghmarz axis with a credit of about  1,000 billion rials is among other road construction projects inaugurated by President Rouhani during his tour of Mazandaran Province.   

Commissioning of Four Electric Projects 

Concurrent with the President’s visit, at a ceremony attended by deputy minister of energy, four electrical projects with an investment of 1,048 billion rials were put into operation. Also construction operations of seven projects at a cost of 770 billion rials started in the provincial electric power industry.

A 400 kV electricity station and a 10-kilometer feed line with an investment of 856 billion rials were put into operation in the capital of Mazandaran Province. With the station entering the orbit with a capacity of 630 MW on Sari-Qaemshahr axis, the voltage weakness in the power grids of the province will be eliminated.

Another project inaugurated by the President was the improvement of the 63 kV line with a length of 160 km from Royan to Chaboksar in the west of Mazandaran, with an investments of 72 billion rials.

Meantime, a 10 MW power plant with an investment of 120 billion rials started operation by the private sector in Tonekabon.

The construction of a thermal power plant in Noshahr and the launch of three 63/230 kV stations and a 63 kV cable line in the cities of Sari, Amol and Tonekabon with an investment of 770 billion rials were among other projects started during Rouhani’s visit.            

Largest Sturgeon Export Terminal  

Construction operation of the largest terminal for export of sturgeon fish and fishery products started in Chapkaroud coastal area in ​​Joybar concurrent with the Presidents tour of Mazandaran. The project needs an investment of 2,220 billion rials to complete.

Mazandaran has 338 kilometers of Caspian Sea coast, 756 waterfalls and 23 major rivers. Last year more than 5,000 tons of aquatic species, including sturgeon worth $24 million, were exported from the province. Therefore, processing and packaging of fishery products is a basic need in the province.                 

Miankaleh Wetland, Biosphere Reserve Restoration Project 

Revitalization of Miankaleh International Wetland and biosphere reserve in eastern Mazandaran province entered the implementation phase upon an order from the President and in the presence of the head of Department of Environment (DOE).

The project will become operational in the form of a five-year plan with a credit of over 330 billion rials. Miankaleh is one of the 613 biosphere reserves in the world, which in recent years had been affected by droughts and declining atmospheric precipitation, dewatering and Caspian Sea water withdrawal but was saved by the DOE and is at the stage of rehabilitation.

Dredging and restoration of streams and water supply channels to Miankaleh International Wetland and Gorgan Bay as one of the most important water supply channels in this wetland is the first plan to revive this biosphere reserve in Mazandaran.

Miankaleh International Wetland with an area of 68,000 hectares is located in eastern Mazandaran, in the protected zone of ​​Behshahr and the village of Zaghmarz at the Caspian Sea.

The pond which is located in a peninsula region, due to its biodiversity, especially foodstuff, is regarded one of the hotspots for more than 320 species of migratory and native birds and 180 plant species.

Each year, 60 percent of the winter-passing birds in Mazandaran Province, including 850 to 900 thousand birds travel to this biosphere reserve and spend about five months in the winter area.

Miankaleh Biosphere Reserve is located at the south-eastern part of the Caspian Sea. Major habitats include wetlands, inter-tidal mud with sandy shore, shallow marine waters, forested peat lands, raspberry shrub forests, tamarix forests and agricultural areas.   

Four Tourism & Recreational Complexes Launched 

Four tourism and recreational projects were inaugurated during the President’s tour, at a cost of 1,430 billion rials in different parts of the province.

Ramsar Green Pearl Recreational and Tourism Complex with a credit of 200 billion rials and an area of 9,000 square meters and an infrastructure of more than 7,000 square meters in 2 floors including a hall, restaurant, sports complex, coffee shop, pastry and commercial shop was built in three years and created jobs for 90 people.

Construction of the multipurpose catering restaurant of Mehregan with a credit of 145 billion rials in Sari was another tourism project that became operational with two meeting rooms, conference hall and convention hall. The project created jobs for 60 people.

Phase-1 of Mizban recreation and reception complex with 56 rooms and suites, sports complex, shopping center, 1,000-person amphitheater, and 12 restaurants was another project commissioned during the President’s visit to Mazandaran. The project cost 860 billion rials and created jobs for 242 people.

Construction and mobilization of the western wing of Parsian Khazar Hotel in Chalous including 58 residential units and a restaurant on an area of 10,000 square meters is also a project implemented at a cost of 225 billion rials over a period of 2 years. The number of jobs created by this project is 140.

President Rouhani also traveled to Mazandaran in October 2015/16 during which he approved 46 construction and infrastructure projects worth 9,900 billion rials.

Altogether, under the two terms of Rouhani’s presidency so far, over 5,700 construction, industrial and infrastructural projects with a cost of over 61 trillion rials have been commissioned in Mazandaran and about 150,000 people have been employed in this northern part of the country.


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  January 2019
No. 90