The Forum for Partners in Iran's Marketplace

October 2022, No. 101


Climate Change in Iran

There is no doubt that Iran, like all other countries, is subject to climate change. Meanwhile, the difference between Iran and other countries of the world starts from two aspects.

In addition to all the natural and man-made disasters, Irans climate is facing a worrying phenomenon called climate change. A problem that has involved not only countries with climatic restrictions like Iran, but also countries with far better climatic conditions. A global and inclusive phenomenon that has caused serious and effective changes in the worlds environment. But how is Irans situation in these changes, how effective is it, and how close and consistent is the way of facing these changes? Have governments been able to adopt policies to reduce the negative costs of climate change?

Like other countries in the world, Iran has not been spared from climate change and its adverse effects. In other words, due to the global nature of climate change, Iran also includes this phenomenon. An increase in anomalies and sudden weather changes such as sudden and out-of-season rains, hail in the blooming season, strong storms, snowfall in hot and dry places, and similar things on the one hand, a decrease in average rainfall and an increase in temperature on the other hand, are the most obvious. There are signs of climate change and climate variability in Iran.

In terms of how to deal with climate change, the situation can be far more decisive and important, and in a country like Iran, it can be much more worrying.

Therefore, there is no doubt that Iran, like all other countries, is subject to climate change. Meanwhile, the difference between Iran and other countries of the world starts from two aspects. The first is the severity of the impact of these changes and the second is how to deal with the direct and indirect effects of these changes. The climatic conditions of Iran are such that any change in environmental and weather conditions can have serious and costly effects on its geographical environment. For example, a 10-20% decrease in average rainfall in Iran is much more harmful than this decrease in many other regions that have more favorable rainfall conditions.

In other words, for a country whose average rainfall is one third of the worlds average rainfall, even a small change in the average rainfall can easily cause it to face many environmental challenges. Therefore, for a country where nearly 85% of it is considered dry and semi-arid and has fragile environmental conditions, any changes in climate conditions can have very destructive effects.

In terms of how to deal with climate change, the situation can be far more decisive and important, and in a country like Iran, it can be much more worrying. In fact, this is the way to deal with climate change, which can both solve many limitations and shortcomings and reduce the negative effects caused by these changes, and can also cause the problems and problems that arise from these changes to multiply. In fact, proper management and proper handling of climate change is very important in how this phenomenon affects its results and impacts.

Optimum and compatible management with climate change as an issue that can be the strong point of dealing with this phenomenon and in many countries with the same tools and sound management they are reducing the burden of negative climate changes, but in Iran, there are no favorable signs of it. In fact, in a country where there are serious deficiencies in the basic management of the environment and natural resources, there have been no favorable signs of fulfilling its basic duties, which is the proper maintenance and management of Irans natural climate. If we witness the destruction of water resources, soil, air, forests, pastures, wetlands, animals, etc. in different parts of the country, we cannot expect to make policies based on adaptation to climate change.

On the other hand, due to the macroeconomic conditions of the country and the numerous problems caused by the existing cruel sanctions, the government does not see the environment and the need for policies regarding climate change as priority, and secondly, to an extent with economic problems and funding for essential sectors. It is facing the challenge that it cannot imagine the possibility of spending and investing in this sector. Therefore, what is happening is the aggravation of serious damage to Irans thin body of natural resources and environment, which will not be corrected later even with spending many times the necessary costs in the current time, and irreversible damage will be certain in many areas of the country.

It may be a bit far-fetched, but if it is aimed at minimal damage from climate change and optimization of the countrys welfare function, there is no solution other than the existence of a government that believes in policy-making (not a mere executive interventionist government) and is required to comply with environmental rules and principles. A government that knows and accepts that preserving the entire climate of Iran and preventing the destruction of the countrys natural resources and environment has priority over all economic, industrial, agricultural, mining and service activities. At the same time, he can solve his problem with other countries of the world and not face international economic issues.

Such a government should, in order to prevent long-term environmental disasters and serious damage to Irans climate, which will make major parts of it uninhabitable in the long and medium terms, by prioritizing the issue of climate and that the first issue of the governance is preserving Irans climate and the necessity All the assets of the country are being used in this regard, and at the same time, with appropriate and correct policies and based on these conditions, politics, economy, technology, industry, agriculture, services, etc., should be applied based on this principle and development make stable the basis of any program in the country. It is in such a situation that one can hope to reduce the burden of the double costs of climate change in Iran; otherwise the governments will be busy with the usual issues until they face the huge cost of ignoring environmental issues.

Climate change is one of the biggest environmental challenges in the world today. This change means irreversible changes in the average climate conditions that occur in a geographical area. This change can affect average rainfall, temperature, weather patterns, wind, etc. In fact, the climate can become colder or hotter and the annual amounts of precipitation, temperature, evaporation, etc. increase or decrease. If the increasing trend continues, it can severely affect the future of natural and human life. In fact, climate change causes major changes in the climate of the planet, including changes in rainfall, increase in evaporation, changes in the level of running water, increase in temperature, decrease in underground water, decrease in the production of agricultural products, etc.

In addition to causing severe damage to the natural environment, the spread of poverty, mortality, migration and lack of access to food poses a serious threat to human life. On the other hand, climate variability, which means fluctuations in precipitation patterns, temperature and other weather variables, also has its own impact on the natural and human life process of the earth. This influence is doubled when climate variability is accompanied by climate change, and as a result, the adverse effects of changes will be more severe.

Like other countries in the world, Iran is also facing this phenomenon. But what can be more worrying for a country like Iran is the fragile situation and serious climatic limitations. Therefore, as long as the governments do not prioritize the environment and do not seek to change their roles from mandated intervention to policy-making, not only will they not play a positive role in reducing the burden of climate change issues, but they will also exacerbate the issues and problems caused by these changes.


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